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  • Writer's pictureLee Pearson (Tutor)

What are the effects of exercise on the Skeleton?

There are a number of hidden benefits that exercise brings that may not be as well known as they should be.

It should be a known fact that when you strength train, you are in fact improving your future self.

The benefits of exercise on the skeletal system include increased bone density, improved joint mobility and increased synovial fluid circulation.

As the body ages, bone density naturally decreases. In severe cases it can lead to osteoporosis, resulting in increased fractures and falls from weakness. Exercise increases bone strength and mineral density.

Exercise helps to mitigate the process of bone degeneration and causes remodelling of the bones, a process which repairs small damages and strengthens the bones to adapt to the demands of exercise. The remodelling occurs as a result of stress on the bone from muscle contraction and impact during weight bearing exercises, such as weight lifting, cross fit, and calisthenics.

Joints connect bones in your body and consist of tissues such as cartilage, ligaments and meniscus. Regular exercise also improves the health and mobility of your joints while a sedentary lifestyle can lead to joint degeneration and rigidity in the joints.

Cartilage must be stressed by exercise and movement to remain functional. In addition, exercise increases blood and synovial circulation in your joints. Synovial fluid is the substance that lubricates your joints. This helps not only healthy joints but can help relieve pain and add stability to joints with osteoarthritis.

The muscles are an important component of the musculoskeletal system. In addition to the benefits to your bones and joints, exercise increases your muscular strength, stamina and flexibility. All of these components allow you to perform tasks more easily and decrease your risk of injury and falls. Strong muscles also help to support and protect your joints, decreasing the risk of injury.

Exercise offers many benefits, but also brings the risk of harm and injury. Avoid injury by performing all exercises with correct form to avoid wrenching a joint or pulling a muscle.

Do not lift weights that are too heavy for your fitness level, and increase the intensity of your workouts slowly over time to allow your body to adapt and strengthen without injury. If necessary, perform modified versions of exercises to build up your strength and protect your joints. For example, if you can't yet do a regular push-up, try a wall push-up or knee push-up. The key message is to listen to your body and ditch the ego training.

Remember you are training for your future self, start investing now.

Contact to find out you can learn more about anatomy and physiology.

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